Three Active Legal Fronts 

 Na Pua Makani Bat Case

The Supreme Court of Hawaii has  accepted our case and approved transfer from the Intermediate Court of Appeals

- 2/26/2020 

General details of the case are stated below.  Legal Docs are here.

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Defend Kahuku Legal Fund

Kawailoa Wind HCP Amendment

Keep the North Shore Country has been granted a contested case on Kawailoa Wind's proposed amendments to their Habitat Conservation Plan. 

The proposed amendments would greatly increase the allowed take of our endangered opeapea without adequate minimization and mitigation measures, as required by law. 


Kawailoa Wind rapidly exceded its allowable take of opeapea, and is now seeking approval to continue taking the species at approximately the same rate.  That is wrong!

KNSC is working hard to hold wind projects accountable for their adverse environmental impacts.  Can you support these efforts with a tax-deductible contribution today?

Na Pua Makani Turbine Setbacks

The Honolulu Zoning Board of Appeals has not yet held a hearing regarding our challenge of the location of two wind turbines built by Na Pua Makani.  NPM will be arguing to dismissal the case.


KNSC and Kahuku Community Association are seeking a contested case regarding the City's approval of variances and modifications to build 568' tall  turbines as close as 275' from the property line. 

The Honolulu Land Use Ordinace requires a minimum setback of one foot for every foot of height.  Obviously, this minimum standard has been violated.


Na Pua Makani is proceding with plans to construct eight new wind turbines near Kahuku High and Intermediate School, the tip of each blade reaching 568' into the sky.  By comparison, the existing wind turbines in Kahuku are 420' tall.  We are concerned about the likely adverse impact on the endangered opeapea, Hawaiian hoary bat.

Keep the North Shore Country has objected to this HCP because critical information was not properly considered in its preparation.  Key elements such as the change in turbine height from 427' to 656' (now 568'), relevant data from the Kawailoa Wind project, and certain operational restrictions were overlooked.

The HCP is needed because the wind turbines are expected to kill endangered species like the opeapea (Hawaiian hoary bat).  The developer must apply for an Incidental Take License and this is done by developing a viable Habitat Conservation Plan that will provide a net benefit to endangered species.


After a thorough investigation of the facts in a contested case, the Hearing Officer agreed with us that NPM has not satisfied the requirements of Hawaii Environmental Law; she recommend that the HCP be denied.  Unfortunately, the BLNR disregarded this recommendation and granted it, instead.

Circuit Court Judge Jeffrey Crabtree heard oral arguments on December 5, 2018, and then affirmed BLNR's decision on April 10, 2019, granting deference to the agency's decision.    

We believe the circuit court and BLNR got it wrong, so we are asking the Supreme Court to review the facts and decisions.


Several years ago, we lost the Turtle Bay Resort EIS case in the lower courts, only to prevail at the Supreme Court.  We will continue to fight with the most vigorous case we can bring. 


Please help Keep the North Shore Country meet the expenses of pursuing a vigorous presentation of the facts in this case. Expenses include legal fees, discovery, expert depositions, extensive copying fees, etc.

Mahalo for your support!

To preserve, protect and enhance the heritage and rural character of the North Shore of Oahu, Hawaii, in partnership with communities from Kaena Point to Kahaluu.

Keep the North Shore Country (KNSC), in partnership with Sierra Club, Hawaii Chapter, dozens of communities and organizations and, ultimately, Turtle Bay Resort (TBR), the State of Hawaii, the City and County of Honolulu, the US Army, the Trust for Public Land (TPL), and the North Shore Community Land Trust (NSCLT) successfully altered a massive development plan into more than 1100 acres of coastal and agricultural land conservation, preservation of Kawela Bay and improved environmental stewardship at Kahuku Point.

In 2015, KNSC negotiated a settlement with TBR, whereby the resort would complete the conservation agreement, provide $200,000 over five years to NSCLT for conservation projects at Kahuku Point and allow KNSC first right to conservation of other valuable shoreline lands owned by the resort.

We continue to work with the other parties to increase land conservation and to follow our mission: To preserve and enhance the heritage and rural character of the North Shore of Oahu, Hawaii, in partnership with communities from Kaena Point to Kahaluu.

© 2017 by Keep the North Shore Country